Saturday, May 23, 2020

Racial Prejudice in The Movie One Potato, Two Potato - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 6 Words: 1819 Downloads: 7 Date added: 2019/02/05 Category Society Essay Level High school Tags: Racism Essay Did you like this example? â€Å"Love is blind despite the worlds attempt to give it eyes.† Matshona Dhliwayo Trevor Noah, a South African comedian my family loves watching, was born to a Caucasian father and an African mother. At the time of which he was born and raised, his existence was taboo. Interracial marriage was illegal in South Africa, so Trevor talks about how he had to hide from the outside world during his early years. No child should be perceived as illegal or wrong for something they could not control, like their race. Just as no couple should be criminalized for marrying the one they love, just because they do not share the same race. Though South Africa and the United States are oceans apart, anti-miscegenation is present in both their societies. It is only with movies like Guess Who’s Coming to Dinner, and One Potato, Two Potato, and the Civil Rights Movement during the same decade, that the US takes steps to change their racist and restrictive marriage laws. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Racial Prejudice in The Movie One Potato, Two Potato" essay for you Create order One Potato, Two Potato was directed by Larry Peerce and was made in 1964. The film is about the marriage between a black man, Frank, and a white woman, Julie, in a time where anti-miscegenation laws and racial prejudice were painfully present. Julie is divorced and has a young girl named Ellen from her previous marriage. Frank lives with his parents on a farm outside of town, which may explain his quiet, almost shy demeanor. We learn from his father later in the movie that he grew up and went to school with white people, and so Frank feels more comfortable around them compared to other black people. It is through frequent interactions with white people that he meets Julie. They begin a simple friendship and start walking together home in public. One night they do this, and a policeman tells Julie to take her â€Å"customer† elsewhere, meaning that he thought there was no way a white woman would want to associate herself with a black man unless she was a prostitute. Afterward, Frank is furious because he knows the policeman would not have done that if he was white, but Julie laughs it off, focusing on how silly it was that a policeman would believe a soft-spoken person like herself would be a prostitute. Julie’s white privilege, in my opinion, shows in this scene, because, while Frank is rightfully angry and upset that the policeman blatantly diminished their relationship by calling it prostitution, Julie can and does ignore this, because being with Frank is the only reason why she was called a prostitute. Without a black man walking with her, there is no way the officer would have stopped to say what he did. Despite this incident, Frank and Julie fall in love and eventually get married. Frank father disapproves this relationship between his son and a white woman, for fear that it will make both of their lives difficult. He warns Frank that society is too interwoven with racial prejudice to accept a relationship between a white woman and a person of color. Frank is shaken by this and heeds his father’s advice by ignoring Julie altogether. Eventually, Julie wears him down by waiting in his car to confront him, and Frank tells her â€Å" It won’t work between them,† because there is too much history of anti-black sentiments and racism between them. He is black, and she is white and there is too much hate between them. But, just as she did after the police-prostitute incident, Julie ignores the future hardships they will both face and argues that because they love each other, they can overcome everything. This convinces and empowers Frank to go through with the wedding after all. During the ceremony, the camera moves past the happy couple and towards a white woman in the background. She looks disgusted by Frank and Julie, which exemplifies the taboo interracial marriage was seen as in the 60s and before. Even though Frank and Julie’s marriage was legal, society was not prepared for two people in love to be happy together if they were not of the same race. Frank, Julie, and Ellen move their new family to Frank’s family’s farm. Frank’s mother welcomes Julie with open arms, but it takes Frank and Julie’s new child for him to, finally, warm up to Julie. A happy, blended family. Unfortunately, the story does not end there. Julie’s ex-husband returns after abandoning Julie and Ellen after four years to get reacquainted and be in Ellen’s life. Now, understandably, Julie is appalled that Joe is back after all this time, and refuses to give Ellen to her father. Sadly, this is when Joe sees that Julie has married a black man, and lives with Frank’s parents. Joe is furious because he believes Ellen will be corrupted as a result of growing up in a black household, and files for sole custody of Ellen. Frank’s lawyer tells him that, even though Joe abandoned his family for four years, Joe has a good chance of winning. Frank’s father tells him to run away with Julie and their kids, because he does not want the new family to lose Ellen, but Frank refuses and says he wants to fight. Later. he goes to the movies alone, and while watching a film where the Native Americans fight the white people, he screams to the screen, â€Å"Kill ‘em! Kill the white bastards!†, a sentiment that shows how Frank has changed with his views of white people. Previously, Frank worked, watched movies, even attended wedding s with white people, but Joe’s actions have aggravated Frank, to the point where he is yelling at a movie screen and rooting for the Native Americans to kill the very group he himself is fighting against. Julie goes to Joe before the court hearing and pleads him to reconsider, which only infuriates him more, so much so, that he even forces himself onto her. After this encounter, they go to court, and Joe wins custody of Ellen. Joe goes to the farm to take Ellen away, and Ellen, believing that she will come back to the farm, is miserable and extremely upset when she discovers she will be living with her father full time. She hits her mother in rage; she does not want to leave her brother and new family, and the only happy, full home she’s known. The movie closes with Julie running after the taxi Ellen and Joe are in, and Ellen screaming, â€Å"Let me stay! I promise I’ll be good!† In comparison to the other movie of a similar topic, Guess Who’s Coming to Dinner, One Potato, Two Potato was much more difficult to research about. While Guess Who’s Coming to Dinner has big Hollywood actors like Sidney Porter and Katherine Hepburn, One Potato, Two Potato actors were not known in the movie industry, and â€Å" director Larry Peerce could not even get a major US film distributor for the movie†¦Ã¢â‚¬  un til he got on a late night talk show and showed a clip of the movie (Turner Classic Movies, Film Articles). Now, both movies touched on topics that were shocking and never before seen in films, but One Potato, Two Potato was arguably the more realistic. Showing hardships like losing a custody hearing and ending the movie with a little girl screaming about not wanting to leave her mother, it stunned the viewers during the time in which it was shown. Black men struggle with this notion that they are all dangerous, violent, and inhuman, and the way Frank is discussed and treated by some of the white people in the movie displays the anti-black, specifically anti-black men sentiments society still expresses to this day, arguably to a less extent. History has a big impact on the creation and topic of this movie. During the production of the film, many laws and court cases were changing the way people, specifically people of color could live their lives. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 is an important piece of legislation because it prevented people of color to be denied places in public spaces, stopped the discrimination in the workplace, regardless of color, race, religion, sex, or nation origin. Frank and Julie met through their job, and so the ability for Frank to even work alongside white people is through the Civil Rights Act of ‘64. Another historical legal action that is significant to the story would be the Loving v. Virginia case in 1967. In this court case, the Lovings, a Virginian interracial couple consisting of a woman of color named Mildred and a white man named Richard broke the law by being married in a state that considered it illegal. They had to travel to Washington, D.C. to get married, getting around Vi rginia’s Racial Integrity Act of 1924, which made it illegal for white people and people of color to get married. They were convicted for breaking the law and forced to leave their home for no less than 25 years and move to the US capital. Rightfully so, the Lovings were frustrated, so they wrote to the then-Attorney General, Robert F. Kennedy, and the American Civil Liberty Union (ACLU), pleading them to help them sue Virginia. The ACLU helped the Lovings get their case in court, and the argument for the Lovings was that Virginia’s anti-miscegenation law violated their â€Å"the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment† ( The Supreme Court sided with the Lovings, and that the decision to marry someone should be made by the individual, not the state they reside in. Although Perez v. Sharp, a similar court case resulting in anti-miscegenation laws violating the 14th Amendment, preceded Loving v. Virginia, Loving v. Virginia, resulted in the United States abolishing anti-miscegenation laws in every state. One Potato, Two Potato and the Loving v. Virginia happened within 3 years of each other, and are direct results of the Equal Rights Movement occurring at the same time. With each law and legislation, people of color, especially black people, were becoming more equal, whether it was marrying, working with, or even using the same facilities as white people. Though it was legal, Frank and Julie’s marriage received criticism from outsiders, whether it was from Frank’s parents, Frank and Julie’s friends, or even random onlookers. It is only with adequate legislation and the acceptance of society that something as â€Å"revolutionary† as interracial marriage can be seen as â€Å"normal†. Though we live in a world peo ple can get married, regardless of race, we, as a society, have a long way to go before they can be treated equally and respectfully as a couple like a white couple would be. Citations Loving v. Virginia. Oyez, 7 Dec. 2018, â€Å"One Potato, Two Potato.† Turner Classic Movies,

Monday, May 18, 2020

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Tuesday, May 12, 2020

Adopting New Technologies for Supply Chain Management

Transportation Research Part E 39 (2003) 95–121 Adopting new technologies for supply chain management Kirk A. Patterson a, Curtis M. Grimm b, Thomas M. Corsi a c,* c Department of Operational Sciences, Graduate School of Engineering and Management, Air Force Institute of Technology, USA b Robert H. Smith School of Business, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA Supply Chain Management Center, Robert H. Smith School of Business, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA Abstract Integration of supply chain activities and the technologies to accomplish it have become competitive necessities in most industries. Accordingly, the trend toward greater use of supply chain†¦show more content†¦. . and create and commercialize a stream of new products and processes that shift the technology frontier, progressing as fast as their rivals catch up’’ (Porter and Stern, 2001, p. 28). One area of innovation that has been the focus of signiï ¬ cant discussion is information technology adoption. US executives allocate 40% of new capital equipment investment to technology (Hitt and Brynjolfsson, 1996). Innovative information technologies have the capacity to impact organizational structure, ï ¬ rm strategy, communication exchange, operational procedures, buyer– supplier relationships, and bargaining power (Bowersox and Daugherty, 1995; Lewis and Talalayevsky, 1997; Williams et al., 1997; Clemons and Row, 1991). Information technolog y may also increase organizational productivity, ï ¬â€šexibility, and competitiveness (Cash and Konsynski, 1985) and stimulate the development of interorganizational networks (Daugherty et al., 1995). Information systems have become so pervasive that they are now considered to be a requirement for doing business in todayÕs competitive marketplace (Clemons and McFarlan, 1986; Dawe, 1994; Rogers, 1990; Rogers et al., 1992). Supply chain management is recognized as an important area for information technology innovation and investment (Bowersox and Daugherty, 1995). Supply chain management has been deï ¬ ned by The Global Supply Chain Forum as ‘‘. . . the integration of key business processes from end user through original suppliers thatShow MoreRelatedSupply Chain Management And Operation Management1374 Words   |  6 Pages1) Definition of the scope Supply chain management and operation management have become integral components as far as organizational competitiveness is concerned. This paper will begin by offering a literature review about supply chain management and operations management. Then, the paper will explore various issues within the Airbus company and analyze the identified issues by apply SCOM concept. The paper will also identify specific best/worst practices in the Aerospace industry before offeringRead MoreEvaluation Of Supply Chain Performance928 Words   |  4 PagesSupply chain performance refers to the evaluation of supply chain management, and includes both tangible (e.g. cost) and intangible (e.g. capacity utilization) factors (Chang and Tsai). Using an adequate system of procurement performance measures allow organizations to achieve their visions and missions (principle of SCM). Although the need for performance measurement in procurement has long been recognized, for a variety of reasons, many organiza tions today are not adequately measuring their procurementRead MoreFactors That Affect India Automotive Supply Chain Essay1339 Words   |  6 Pagesto change their working style and adopting to new changes made by automotive industry worldwide. In the long run this changes can be handle but short-term volatility is creating an environment of uncertainty. Due to this transition, the Indian automotive industry was experiencing an interesting evolutionary phase. India being seen as crucial market of the future by global OEMs. The automotive supply chain needs to play a big role in this transition. Supply chain can help companies to get competitiveRead MoreA Successful Supply Chain Management1626 Words   |  7 PagesGeneral Motors and Ford. Moreover, poor trends in technology development and immense global competition add to the plunge in demand. Supply chain management has a major impact on operational efficiency, due to this it is considered as one of the core elements responsible for the survival or success of this industry (Webster, 2006). The industry has to acknowledge the market demand trend for greater fuel efficiency and also renewable energy by adopting corporate social responsibility. We look into aRead MoreWhat Is A Supply Chain Strategy?1313 Words   |  6 PagesWhat is a Supply Chain? A supply chain comprise of all parties implicated, directly or indirectly, in satisfying a customer demand. The supply chain not only comprises of manufacturer and suppliers, but also includes transporters, warehouses, retailers, and customers themselves. Inside each business unit, such as supplier, the supply chain includes all functions involved in receiving and filling a customer request. A supply chain is vibrant and involves the invariable flow of information, productRead MoreThe Complexities of Healthcare Supply Chains 855 Words   |  3 PagesHealthcare Supply Chains The healthcare supply chain shares a number of similarities with other chains, not only in terms of processes (e.g. procurement, warehousing, distribution), but also in terms of discerning customers and management structures. There are also differences in the chain that are related to the specific characteristics and requirements of the sector. In general, healthcare supply chains are very complex, diverse, and dynamic. That complexity arises from the numerous companiesRead MoreImportance Of Crm On Today s Supply Chain Logistics Essay1233 Words   |  5 PagesThe Importance of CRM in today’s Supply Chain Logistics Environment Clifford T. Kinnear Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University Aviation Logistics and Supply Chain Management; ASCI 433, Instructor; Professor Hunt Correspondence of this paper should be addressed to Clifford T. Kinnear and Dave Hunt How to contact;, Abstract The customer should be made an integral part of the supply chain logistics apparatus. Customers demand loyalty and a fairRead More Supply Chain Integration1165 Words   |  5 Pageseffective supply chain. With the Enterprise Integration Act of 2002, the government will support the integration of data between manufactures, assemblers and suppliers and provide supply chain standards. The main improvements standardization will bring in regards to supply chain management are reduce overhead costs, increase production and provide a higher level of quality management. The Enterprise Integration Act of 2002 proposes that the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) beRead MoreThe Impact Of Information Technology On Scm862 Words   |  4 Pagesimpact of information technology(IT) in supply chain management (SCM), explain its benefits and drawbacks, and analyze the current trends in the development in the IT field. The findings will be classified with respect to the research objectives discussed in the methodology chapter. The research objectives are discussed in depth and each section will aim to answer research questions that were set. 4.2 To identify the impact of information technology on SCM Supply chain management can be defined asRead MoreDual Approach For Information Technology Strategic Management Essay1465 Words   |  6 Pagesinformation technology strategic management: on one hand, the firm should develop the capability to implement efficiently some â€Å"standard† solutions on an opportunity-based approach; on the other hand, it should embed its IT system in the organization with a strong top management commitment and a clear strategic alignment. It also highlights the contribution of IT in helping to restructure the entire distribution set up to achieve higher service levels and lower inventory and lower supply chain costs.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Influence of Hip Hop on Todays Youth - 2247 Words

Anaya Ragland April 30, 2012 English Composition II Dr. Janardanan Research Analysis Essay The Influence of Hip Hop on Today’s Youth â€Å"After silence, that which comes nearest to expressing the inexpressible is music.† This profound statement from English writer, Aldous Huxley, demonstrates the importance that music obtains in today’s society. Simply, music is a form of expression, not limited to any specific genre. Although this expression is not limited to one genre, there is one that seemingly obtains the title of most controversial. The Rap/Hip-Hop genre has been harshly criticized for the topics of discussion in which many songs entail, and the various projected images. Everything has its pros and cons; many people have lost†¦show more content†¦In his book Black Identity: Rhetoric, Ideology, And Nineteenth-Century Black Nationalism, Dexter Gordon writes that, â€Å"The erasure and exclusion of blacks from the public sphere presented America’s â€Å"colored† inhabitants with a difficult rhetorical challenge. Inscribed in both proslavery discourse and in racist America’s symbols and practices as inhuman, nineteenth-century black rhetors had to construct their constitution as human and deserving of treatment as such, with limited access to the available means of public communication† (70). Now that the African-American race has full access to available means of public communication, it should be used to its fullest potential. Hip hop holds so much power; it is the voice of the people. This voice is the voice that the youth hears and listens to on a daily basis. Hip hop is the Malcolm X of today, the face of black power. Words have so much power, put to music they are a force to not be reckoned with. At once white supremacy dominated the country; hip hop is a chance at black superiority. Blacks are the leaders of this genre and have a chance for their voice and opinions to be heard through an outlet that reaches everyone, particularly the youth. African-Americans have a history of signify ing in literature, music is no different. All songs have a surface meaning, but hip hop is about the underlying message. It has a way of speaking to its audience that no otherShow MoreRelatedBad Influence of Hip Hop on Youth1009 Words   |  5 PagesMusic producers have an influence on the music that today’s youth listen to that many are affected by even though the producers are unaware of it. Today there’s a lot of drug abuse, violence, and sex all on the rise even though hip hop itself is not to blame. Imagine our youth all over the country being exposed to this explicit kind of language. There is no need to imagine, because it is already happening. Ever since the rise of Rap and Hip Hop music, teens have been turning to them to help solveRead MoreHip Hop : A Cultural Force1568 Words   |  7 PagesHip-hop is a popular art form in today’s society, and it consists of rhyming lyrics that are delivered rhythmically over a musical beat. Knowing how far rap has come, from all the way back then starting out on the streets of New York in the mid 1970’s. Hip-hop has since become a multifaceted cultural force. It’s more than just music some people say and others think it is negative promoting bad things for young listeners. Now hip-hop is something people can relate to. A man by the name of RussellRead MoreThe Negative Portrayal of Women in Hip Hop and Rap Music Essay1239 Words   |  5 Pagestoday, has been quoted saying, â€Å"Hip-hop is supposed to uplift and create, to educate people on a larger level and to make a change.† Although this is the original intention of hip-hop music, public opinion currently holds the opposite view. Since the 1970’s musical artists have changed the face of hip-hop and rap and worldwide, people – mostly teens—have been striving to emulate certain artists and their lyrics, which has created negative stereotypes for hip-hop music and also for those who chooseRead MoreThe Impact Of Hip Hop Music On America1491 Words   |  6 Pageswe can recall, there was Africa. It is from Africa that all of today’s Black American music whether it be Jazz, Rhythm and Blues Soul or Electro music etc., is either indirectly or directly descended from al l African culture and tradition. Today, Hip-hop music in America is generally considered to have been pioneered out of New York s South Bronx in the early 1970’s by a Jamaican-born DJ Herc. By the time mid-1970s, New York s hip-hop gained wide-spread popularity and the scene was dominated byRead MoreHip Hop Culture And Rap Music996 Words   |  4 PagesOver the past few years, hip-hop culture and rap music has stirred up controversy throughout America and it’s media. Whether it is Dr. Dre’s 1992 hit single â€Å"A Nigga Witta Gun† or Bobby Shmurda’s 2014 hit single â€Å"Hot Nigga† that boasts about shooting other African-Americans, it seems that the media has denounced the hip-hop culture and criticized them for the continuous increase on inner-city youth violence. If people would just listen closer to hip-hop’s message instead of assuming it has negativeRead MorePolitics and Hip-Hop802 Words   |  4 PagesThe 1980’s broug ht the newest development in social and political music, the emergence of hip-hop and rap. This urban musical art form that was developed in New York City has now taken over the mainstream, but originated as an empowering art form for urban youth and emerging working class. Hip-Hop is a highly influential gem that inspired numerous rappers to address social and political subjects. In today’s time, even though gangster rap is taking over; there are still some artists who have a lotRead MoreHip Hop and its Beneficial Influence Essay651 Words   |  3 Pagesyears Hip Hop and Rap artist use their music to express their views, opinions, and how they are feelings in their songs. From the artist lyrics some will have an understanding of what the artist is talking about because either they have done the same things or is having the same problem. The first amendment of the constitution is freedom of speech and that is all the artist is doing. Although there are many people saying rap music should be concealed because it spread a negative influence on theRead MoreHip Hop Culture Then Vs. Now1548 Words   |  7 PagesHip-hop Culture Then Vs. Now Hip-hop is an underground urban movement which emerged in the South Bronx, NY during the early 1970s. Hip-hop is composed of four basic elements; DJ-ing, emceeing (rapping), graffiti and style, and break dancing. These elements are how most people recognize hip-hop culture. Many other people think of hip-hop as just a music genre, but it is more than just a music genre. It is cultivating way of living, and several people fail to understand its true meaningRead MoreTo Rap Or Not To Rap Essay1087 Words   |  5 Pagesincluding incarcerated youth, are directly impacted by the music.† That quote came from an article called ‘Seb is Hip Hop’. All a person has to do is turn on their radio to a mainstream station and they to can get taste of the carnage. Rap and hip-hop are two of many genres that get a lot of attention for their violence, drug use, and degrading sexism towards women. Hip-hop started to gain a lot of attention in the 80’s to convey equality against racism. People thought that hip-hop was just a phaseRead MoreHip Hop And Its Influence On American Culture1008 Words   |  5 Pagesaspiring hip hop artists which makes it one of the most influential culture in American. Hip hop has become one of the most vital, and profitable, forces in popular culture. Hip hop beats have influenced popular music genres from rock to jazz to reggae. Hip hop is a form of art which can be expressed through rap songs, break dancing, and graffiti art. The culture has become so popular that it has entered today’s fashion and modern language. Hip hop music is an extremely large part of today’s generation

Athletic Training and Writing Studies Free Essays

string(68) " was to improve the reading and writing skills of college students\." Genre Analysis This paper will take an in depth look at two articles that are representative of two different discourse communities. It will also analyze features that are different amongst the two discourse communities so that people have a better understanding of the different characteristics that discourse communities possess. It will explore the different styles that each discourse community utilizes, including but not limited to writing, citation styles and organizational styles. We will write a custom essay sample on Athletic Training and Writing Studies or any similar topic only for you Order Now Keywords: Discourse Community, characteristics, organizational style, citation style writing style Many people do not understand that to be considered a discourse community, a group must have certain attributes. These attributes represent the way that the discourse community read, write, or communicate with one another. It is important that these attributes are done on a level that will be understood by those within the discourse community they are a member of. Although each genre typically has their own way of communication, whether it is via writing, email, or another form of communicating, some utilize the same ways and other genres utilize different ways. Regardless of the choice of communication, the goal is the same throughout discourse communities and that is to have effective communication. The differences and similarities are apparent when analyzing two articles from two different discourse communities, Athletic Training and Writing Studies. The first peered reviewed article accessed from the Athletic Training Education Journal titled â€Å"Redefining Professional Knowledge in Athletic Training: Whose Knowledge Is It Anyway?† examines the way that Athletic Training has defined it body of knowledge and how to secure that body of knowledge in the Athletic Training discourse community. The second peered reviewed article titled â€Å"Rhetorical Reading Strategies and the Construction of Meaning† not only discusses reading and writing at a college level, however also discusses the role of rhetorical reading while writing and reading. Identification Identifying the differences and similarities between the two peered reviewed articles, â€Å"Redefining Professional Knowledge in Athletic Training: Whose Knowledge Is It Anyway?† by Patrick O. McKeon, PhD; Jennifer M. Medina McKeon, PhD; Paul R. Geisler, EdD and â€Å"Rhetorical Reading Strategies and the Construction of Meaning† by Christina Haas and Linda Flower gave more clarity on the different and similar writing styles of the two different discourse communities. The first difference that was apparent was the formatting of the two articles. The first article by McKeon et al. appears to use an APA format for their article. APA format typically includes an abstract as well as a reference page that list the sources that were utilized throughout the paper, this paper included both. The APA citations are also different than the MLA citations. The Haas and Flower article is done in an MLA format, it does not include an abstract, title page and the source page is referenced as a â€Å"work cited† page which is typical of MLA formatting. The citations in MLA formatting are presented differently on the â€Å"works cited† page than a reference page of the APA format. What was observed in both articles that was similar, although using the different formats, was that both articles were 1-inch margins and 12-point font which is adhering to both the MLA and APA formats. To attract a reader typically organization of an article is important. These two articles differed in how they were organized, for instance the article â€Å"Redefining Professional Knowledge in Athletic Training: Whose Knowledge Is It Anyway?† is organized by headings that clearly represent the facet of the information that is to follow the heading. Haas and Flowers article â€Å"Rhetorical Reading Strategies and the Construction of Meaning† does not include headings to present information, the information is sporadically placed within the article, including data represented by the study itself. A prominent similarity between the two articles was that they were both evidence-based articles. The article â€Å"Redefining Professional Knowledge in Athletic Training: Whose Knowledge Is It Anyway?† the study shows that by clearly relating the Professional body of knowledge and the evidence that is utilized in the evidence-based practice helps to secure that there is, in fact, authority and legitimacy to the Athletic Training Profession body of Knowledge. (McKeon, The article â€Å"Rhetorical Reading Strategies and the Construction of Meaning† was based on studies done with college students. These studies represented primarily the different ways that college students read and write. These studies were performed in hopes that undeniable proof would indeed help to strengthen the abilities of college students in the aspects of reading and writing. There were similarities to the stylistic form of writing of both the articles. The Haas and Flower article was more of an active voice rather that a passive voice. This was noted mainly because of wording and sentence structure. An active voice basically describes what the subject is doing or going to do, which in this article could be clearly defined throughout. The article by McKeon el. at. also used an active voice throughout the article. Suggesting what could be done as well as what is being done to secure their Professional Body of Knowledge in the Athletic Training field. Using an active voice in both articles helped to validate the strength of the articles which is important to the reader. Regarding the convention of the two articles they differed in how information was conveyed through visual illustration. It was clear that the authors Haas and Flower utilized multiple illustrations to identify the results and convey important information a manner that was visually understood. This allowed for information to be conveyed faster and accurately with different visuals, i.e. graphs, figures. In the article â€Å"Redefining Professional Knowledge in Athletic Training: Whose Knowledge Is It Anyway?† the authors chose to not utilize many visuals, instead they utilized the grammar convention, which made deciphering the article slightly more time consuming that when visuals are incorporated. In short, the common goal of both articles was to communicate information to help advance their specific discourse community. In the Writing Studies community the information relayed, no matter how, was to improve the reading and writing skills of college students. You read "Athletic Training and Writing Studies" in category "Papers" In the community of Athletic Trainers, it was to facilitate a better understanding of the Professional Body of Knowledge and the relation to their stature in the healthcare field. The common goal simply stated was to advance each discourse community with the studies that were performed. Analysis Reading both articles, it was clear the active voice was representative of both the Writing Studies and Athletic Training discourse communities. Using the active voice defines a characteristic of both communities and the way they communicate, making sure that information is conveyed, clearly, concisely and straight to the point. This is an important attribute to these discourse communities simply because to advance it is important to understand and communicating efficiently is important. Utilizing the active voice also relays the strength and validation to the article which is important to the reader also. These two articles are clearly written as evidence-based articles, this is another important characteristic of the discourse communities of which the authors belong. It shows that both discourse communities rely on data that has scientifically evident and data that proves the facts. This information is made available in both articles through concise experiments that resulted in a conclusion that was beneficial to both discourse communities. This is an important attribute in the discourse communities because the reputable proof that is determined through these experiments reflects that the discourse communities require information that is only factual and based by scientific evidence. Organizational manner of both articles as stated was different. The article by McKeon, el. at. chose to structure the paper with an introduction, method, result, analysis and discussion format. This type of structure can be a representative characteristic of the discourse community Athletic Training by suggesting the discourse community relies mainly on scientific evidence and factual data. Utilizing headings helps the reader follow and have a clearer understanding of the material that is being discussed. The article by Haas and Flower chose to take a more laxed approach to the structure of their article. The authors used very little headings and left the article with points that could be further discussed. Even know results were apparent this article was left more open-ended, maybe to leave the reader no choice but to ask questions? This type of structure demonstrates the discourse communities will to speak freely and offer any elaboration that is needed. The different formatting of the articles APA and MLA represent the different characteristics that both discourse communities possess. The Athletic Training discourse community utilized an APA format in this article, this is representative of the concise, reliability and validity that is expected when writing in this discourse community. The authors of the Writing Studies article utilized the MLA format for the structure of their paper which is typical of the discourse community. This type of format demonstrates the discourse community’s openness to further discuss and elaborate on the subject at hand. The difference in the formatting of the citations on both the reference and works cited pages represent the discourse communities’ differences of what they stress importance on when using multiple sources. MLA citations always begin with the title name and APA citations usually begin with author first. The Athletic Training discourse community, using the APA format prefers to emphasize the importance of the author (writer) contrary to the discourse community of Writing Studies who choose to emphasize the importance of the subject in their citation. The conventions that were apparent in the articles displayed the discourse communities’ differences in respect to conveying information. The Haas and Flower article had multiple visual illustrations that conveyed precise information in a quick manner. This is standard of the Writing Studies discourse communities will to open minded for elaboration. Presenting a graph or figure can reflect the need for more discussion. The McKeon el. at. article used only one display of visual illustration to convey information which is contrary to the discourse community who is usually under time constraints. The authors chose to use more grammar conventions such as mechanics, usage, and sentence structure to convey their message. This is also typical of the discourse community of Athletic Training and their continued effort to communicate in a fashion that is easily understood, straight to the point, concise and efficient. The last noted similarity in both articles was the fact that the articles were written in a manner that provided information to improve their discourse communities. Knowledge is power, and this was reflective in both articles with the information that was conveyed. This makes sense as both discourse communities have common goals and that is to better the community to which they belong by further research and continued communication. Reflection This Genre Analysis has given me the opportunity to explore and examine the different writing styles of the discourse communities of Writing Studies and Athletic Training. Despite that the discourse communities are from completely different realms, I analyzed both articles which later proved to achieve one common goal and that was communication through writing. After analyzing the two articles it was clear that the discourse communities had different as well as similar writing styles that they utilized to convey their messages. I was able to gain an understanding that the overall goal of conveying information effectively and concisely. Of which, ironically, was a common goal among both discourse communities. This analysis has also given me a better understanding of how writing, or the type of writing used can identify the characteristics of a discourse community. For example, the Athletic Training discourse community writes in a fashion that is straight forward and to the point to communicate the outcome. The Writing Studies discourse community tends to leave some information open ended, up for discussion they are a little laxer in their approach. No matter the approach in writing among the discourse community the bottom line will always be the same, to write in a manner that is concise and effective. Another very important aspect that was observed was the importance of adapting to the writing styles of the discourse community you belong to. Adapting will ensure that you can communicate effectively within the discourse community and most importantly be respected by fellow members. References Haas, C., ; Flower, L. (1988). Rhetorical Reading Strategies and the Construction of Meaning. College Composition and Communication, 39(2), 167-183. doi:10.2307/358026 Patrick O. McKeon, Jennifer M. Medina McKeon, and Paul R. Geisler (2017) Redefining Professional Knowledge in Athletic Training: Whose Knowledge Is It Anyway?. Athletic Training Education Journal: April-June 2017, Vol. 12, No. 2, pp. 95-105. How to cite Athletic Training and Writing Studies, Papers

Concept of Strategic Management †Free Solution by Experts - Click Now!

Question: Discuss about the Concept of Strategic Management. Answer: Introduction This report encompasses through all the concepts related to the strategic management. The case study based on the global and economic forces and the western European brewing industry has been analyzed to examine the critical issues of strategic management in the industry. In the past decades, it has been observed that brewing industry has gone under many changes. In the global environment of social and economic changes, brewing industry is facing challenges particularly through global competitive forces and consolidation by alliances, internalization, and acquisition. To analyze this major strategical issue, several articles and journals related to this concern have been reviewed in this report. Accordingly, organizational strategic management cannot be alienated from the different strategic approaches of an organization within the industry. Therefore, this report aims to serve as a critical review of the major strategic approaches to the strategic organizational management since it is an important step towards the establishment of new framework for organizing change in the industry. Discussion Critically evaluate the current state of the European brewing industry using the Inside-out and Outside-in view. The brewing industry of European Union has experienced astonishing changes. In the late 20th century, Europe has been considered as the recognized center for the brewing industry. However, since 2006, the consumption of beer has fallen down by 10% in the wide market of the United Kingdom and Germany across the world. In the year 2008, Germany, the largest market of Europe was ranked as 5th in the global economy among China, Brazil, Russia and the United States (Whittington, 2013). In the 21st century, the Europe brewing industry had faced a huge wave of mergers and acquisitions. With the increasing economies of scale, distribution of beers in a country is comparatively expensive than the consumer goods. The average percentage of consuming alcohol is found to be 4.5 percent by volume. The consumption of alcohol may vary depending on the taste and preference, style of the consumers across different region and culture. In Europe, alcohol forms an essential part of many lives and culture and thereby moderately consumed as the lifestyle drink within the government restriction. The global forces of internal and external environment have established a strategic management in the European brewing industry. Moreover, the strategic management of an organization is affected by several reasons and alteration in the global economic environment. Several factors affecting Europe brewing industry have a greater impact on the other related industry (Larimo, et al., 2006). In the recent years, European brewing industry has decline with the fall in its beer consumption. This decline has been observed due to key factors affecting the market situation. Government of the country is strongly campaigning against the consumption of beers among the public. These campaigns significantly hamper the general public against drunken driving and thereby have a great impact on the tendency to drink alcohol in bars, pubs, and restaurants. Through these campaigns, people increase their awareness about the harmful effects of alcohol and thus they have been concerned about their fitness and health issues. Specifically in the United Kingdom, hostility named binge drinking is rapidly growing in the country with the unnecessary consumption of beer in the clubs and pubs. However, in the Northern European market, popularity of wines has become increased in the recent years. Moreover, consumption of beer per capita largely varies within the countries of Europe as consumption of beer in Germany is almost four times higher than Italy. However, increase in the case of drunken driving and binge drinking has resulted into shift in the sales of beer in the European markets. In 2008, the increase in off trade of alcohol has been observed from the year 2000 i.e. 63% to 67% of volume. Thus, the shift in trade of alcohol is dominated by the chains of large supermarket, for example, Carrefour or Tesco. These supermarkets most often cut down their offer prices on alcohol so as to attract public into their shops. Therefore, due to this effect more than one fourth volume of beer is currently selling thro ugh these supermarkets (brewersofeurope, 2001). Although, fall in the trade volume does not affect sales values as it is generally rising because brewers are introducing high premium products including fruit flavored beers, nonalcoholic beers, and extra cold lagers. A high demand for these premium products is satisfied in the form of imported exotic beers from overseas. However, the brewing industry of Europe is comprises of different kinds of competitors in the market. Some of the largest brewers in the world are Anheuser Busch InBev, Greene King, and Tsingtao which are established in Belgium, United Kingdom, and China respectively. These companies have transformed themselves from the spectacular mergers and acquisitions (Verstl Latz-Weber, 2010). However, economic strategy of the brewing industry have different concentration pattern across the countries due to availability of raw material and cheap labor. But recently, with the development in communication and technology, national beer market has also got significantly affected due to these global forces and strategic policies of the country. The increasing awareness about the harmful effects of alcohol at the global scale has reduced competitors in the national beer markets (Madsen Wu, 2014). The brewing industry has gone through further changes since this case was written. Please critically evaluate these changes in a strategic context. The European brewing industry has changed itself by increasing efficiency and building a strong brand around the world. The European brewing industry has a great social and economic impact on the Europe after going through the strategic changes. The industry has contributed to the European Union economy to a larger extent. The performance of the Europe brewing industry reflects a significant impact on the government revenue. However, government has increased taxes on the alcohol products which in turn have increased the cost of production. The industry and market trends have changed due to the process of internalization and global forces in the environment. After 2013, the Europe brewing industry has changed because of its wide diversity. The global market of beer production involves a huge variety of beer brands in the country. The consumption of wine has reduced among the public due to the increasing awareness of its negative effects. The global pressure for beer consolidation has arisen because of the overcapacity and increased production cost. The acquisitions, alliances and closure of brewing industry has control the consumption of alcohol. The government has also taken a major step towards the increasing awareness of consuming alcohol(Berkhout, et al., 2013). With the implementation of strategic changes taking place in the Europe brewing industry, it has significantly grown from the financial and social crisis. The European Union remains the second largest producer of alcohol in the world after China. It has contributed to a large part of the country's income and growth. In 2014, European Union has increased the number of brewery companies i.e. over 6500 companies recently with the production of beer measuring 383 million hectoliters. Thus, brewing industry is flourishing over other sectors in the European market (Grave, 2016). Brewing industry is considered as one of the oldest industry in the European Union which has also faced challenges and innovation across the nation. The brewers are heavily investing in the beer brands and other products of alcohol. Based on the taste and preferences of the customers, industry is focusing on growing different variety of beer which includes lower or non-version of alcohol in the beer products. This also meets the consumer criteria of consuming alcohol with having less negative effects on their health issues. The exports of European beer production are nearly around 20% that has resulted into an effective proportion of beer and other alcohol exports in the world. In the recent years, the European brewing industry has faced several small and medium changes through acquisitions. This merger and acquisition of beer industry dominates the other sector in the global economy. However, operation of brewing industry is highly competitive and consolidated in the business market. It organizes their business activities in the modern economy and thereby determines the feasible choices of beers among the general public. The global development and high sales of breweries has been affected through traditional volume of alcohol prices. In the emerging economy, a notable increase in the demand of beer among the public has been observed. There is wide range of beer produced by the Europe brewing industry with lower amount of alcohol in it. This also does not affect the consumers' health in a negative way. The competitive pressure through the consolidation by alliances and acquisitions has greatly affected the brewing industry strategically (Play, 2007). Conclusion The strategic management of Europe brewing industry has been analyzed in this report. Over the last several years, the European brewing industry has gone through several changes and significant challenges in the global economy. Occurrence of acquisitions and strategic alliances has control the production of beers in the market. Government has also taken major steps against the consumption of alcohol among public because it negatively impacts on the health of the consumers. After a decline of brewing industry, Europe has significantly made changes in its strategic development and variety of products. However, the global pressure for strengthening the brewing industry is due to its overcapacity and consumption of strong beer brands. Bibliography Berkhout, B. et al., 2013. The Contribution made by Beer to the European Economy, l.: s.n. brewersofeurope, 2001. The Brewers of Europe, l.: s.n. Grave, J. d., 2016. BEER IS BACK: European brewing sector returns to growth - hundreds of new breweries created. pp. 1-2. Larimo, J., Marinov, M. Marinova, S. T., 2006. The Central and Eastern European brewing industry since 1990. British Food Journal , 108(5), pp. 371-384. Madsen, E. S. Wu, Y., 2014. Globalization of Brewing and Economies of Scale, l.: s.n. Play, G. F., 2007. Brewing, l.: s.n. Verstl, D. I. Latz-Weber, H., 2010. The European brewing industry in transition. l., s.n., pp. 1-86. Whittington, R., 2013. Global Forces and the Western European brewing industry, l.: s.n.

Friday, May 1, 2020

Human Resource Management Premier Technology Solutions

Question: Discuss about the Human Resource Management for Premier Technology Solutions. Answer: Introduction Premier Technology Solutions is a multinational company based in Australia. The company was started in 1986 and provides technology related solutions to its clients. The company has a workforce of 140,508 employees and has been expanding its business into a number of countries of late. The company, which was originally started in 1986, today has its clients belonging from 29 different countries. The company has been expanding its business overseas and has recently decided to open up a new subsidiary in another country to help the headquarters carry out their operations smoothly. In the present era of global competition, companies are highly relying upon their human resources to achieve market competencies for them. Human resources are the best resources right now and no business organisations can run without the presence of human resources. Premier Technology Solutions is operating in a service sector industry and it is very important for the company to have a talented pool of employees. In service sector especially, it is important for every company to have an effective human resource management as the entire business is dependent on the performance demonstrated by the employees. In case of Premier Technology Solutions, it has been decided that the new subsidiary will be opened up in India. The decision has been taken by some of the senior level executives, keeping in mind the benefit that an Indian subsidiary can provide in terms of economies of scale and an efficient pool of talent. During the expansion program, it is obvious that the company will face a number of problems when it will come to management of human resource and performing human resource functions. Therefore, in this assignment, we will discuss a number of human resource functional issues that the organisation will have to face while carrying out its expansion program. Human Resource Issues Human resource management is an approach that allows business organisations to manage their employees in the best possible manner. The approach aims at improving the relations between employees and employers by improving the overall work conditions for the employees. Human resource managers are able to make use of efficient human resource functions, such as training and development, compensation and benefits, career management, selection and recruitment, etc. that help them in improving the work conditions and optimise the performance of the employees. When companies have to perform the human resource functions for their organisations at an international or a global level, it becomes even more difficult for them as the issues related to these functions increase exponentially. Let us now discuss some critical issues that the company would face while trying to expand its business operations in India: Staffing Approach a major problem that the company will have to face while trying to expand its business by opening up a new subsidiary in India is related to the approach that it will adopt for staffing the new subsidiary. Multinational companies have to take a lot of care when they chose a staffing approach for any new subsidiaries. In this case, the company will have an option to choose from four staffing approaches: Ethnocentric in an ethnocentric approach, companies decides to staff its new subsidiarys senior positions with home country employees while the lower positions are occupied by the host country employees. Polycentric in a polycentric approach, companies decides to staff their new subsidiary by hiring new employees from the host country itself. Regiocentric in this approach, business organisations staff their new subsidiaries by recruiting employees from various countries that fall within a geography region of the business. Geocentric in this staffing approach, companies staff their new subsidiaries by hiring employees who are best suited for the jobs, irrespective of their country of origin, cultural background, etc. Selecting an adequate staffing approach is important as most of the operations and how a company will work depends upon the staffing approach. For example, an ethnocentric approach ensures establishment of home culture in the host country and also ensures proper reporting to the headquarters whereas, a polycentric approach reduces the control of the headquarters on a subsidiary and also makes it difficult to implement the home culture in the subsidiary. Further, selecting regiocentric or geocentric approaches can lead to recruitment of third country nationals that might demand a higher pay as compared to the host country or home country employees. Therefore, selecting a staffing approach for a new subsidiary, while planning for business expansion, is a major issue that the company will have to face. Recruitment And Selection the process of identifying job openings and then selection the best candidates suitable for the openings identified is known as recruitment and selection. The next and the most important human resource function is recruitment and selection and the company will face a lot of issues while performing this function. If the management of the company selects an ethnocentric staffing approach, it will have to choose expatriates that will be sent to the new location. Expatriate programs are very complicated and expensive and it can cost a lot of resources to the company if the expatriate programs are not managed properly. Expatriates are given a lot of additional benefits, such as hardship allowances, housing allowances, family allowances, etc. (, 2016). As a result, it becomes important to choose expatriates wisely, which proves to be an issue for the human resource managers. On the other hand, if the company selects a polycentric approach for staffing it s new subsidiary, it will have to abide by a number of rules and regulations that the Indian government will put forward in terms of minimum wages, minimum number of Indian employees in the subsidiary, etc. Further, it might also become difficult for the company to exercise a proper control over the subsidiary in a polycentric approach while it might not also find the right talent to fit into the jobs. Therefore, recruitment and selection will also prove to be a great issue in the expansion efforts of the company (, 2016).. Expatriate Management expatriates are those employees who are sent overseas to fulfil an assignment for their companies. Due to globalization and increase in overseas business opportunities, expatriates who can go abroad and can handle the work operations of a company are under a great demand. Multinational companies are looking for employees that can work in the organisation and can be sent to foreign lands whenever required but it is not an easy task to manage this special category of employees. Companies have to look after a number of things before they can select an expatriate and send him or her to a foreign location. First of all, it is important that the expatriates being selected for a foreign job have the technical proficiencies that are required to fulfil the piece of work that will be assigned to them. Secondly, the company will also have to check whether the expatriates will be able to adjust in the work culture of the foreign subsidiary or not (Selmer and Suutari, 2011) .. If the employees being sent on a foreign assignment are not cultural sensitive, they might experience a cultural shock and it becomes very difficult for such expatriates to successfully complete the task assigned to them. Thirdly, the companies also have to check the number of dependent family members that an employee being considered for an expatriate program has. If an expatriate has a greater number of dependent family members, it would become difficult for the company to handle their expenses and needs while the employee would be away for a foreign assignment. Lastly, it is important that the expatriates are given proper compensation and benefits that would help them in enjoying a proper living on a foreign land and maintain the same standard of living, which they had in their home country. If the expatriates feel any kind of economic distress or inability to sustain in a foreign land, the chances of failure of expatriate program increase exponentially (Bowman and Meacheam, 2 000).. Compensation And Benefits another major problem that the human resource managers of the company will face while trying to expand their business operations in India is related to the compensation and benefits that will be given to the Australian employees and the Indian employees. It is obvious that the company would not staff the new subsidiary with Indian employees alone. It will definitely send some expatriates from its home country to look after the operations in the new subsidiary so that the reporting to the headquarters is proper (Yousef, 2015). In such a case, it becomes difficult to decide the compensation and benefits that will be given to the expatriates and to the Indian employees working along with them. The company will have to fix the salaries in such a way that neither the Indian employees feel under paid as compared to their Australian counterparts nor the Australian employees should feel that they are being under paid or feel any kind of financial distress while wor king on a foreign land. The company will have to conduct a number of surveys in order to gather knowledge about the basic pay rates in India for the jobs that the company is going to offer to the Indian employees. The company will also have to conduct a thorough research to check out the market trends for expatriates in India so that it can also pay its expatriates accordingly. As the company is entering a foreign market to expand its business operations, the wages it will offer to its employees would also have to be considered from a legal point of view (, 2016). It will be important to fulfil the restrictions or the basic pay grades that the government of the host country will put forward for the company. Further, the company will also have to take important decisions regarding the benefits that it will have to provide to the expatriates that would stay in India to look after the operations of the company. Expatriates are given bonuses and benefits in terms of housing allowances, hardship allowances, travel allowances, family allowances, etc. Therefore, the company will also have to consider the benefits that it will provide to its expatriates working in the Indian subsidiary. Cultural Integration culture is defined as the values, ethics, morals, religions, cuisines, languages, communication styles, etc. that a particular group of people follow. One of the greatest issues that the company will face while expanding its business operations in India is the integration of the Australian and the Indian culture. It is obvious that in the Indian subsidiary, the Australian and the Indian employees will have to work together. When the Indian and the Australian employees will work in the same place, it is obvious that they will face a lot of cultural issues that might cause a great deal of problem for the human resource management of the company (Scribd, 2016). Cultural differences, such as language, communication patterns, work cultures, etc. will play a major role in the subsidiary and it might become difficult for Indian as well as the Australian employees to work with each other as a team. For example, India rates 77 on the power distance index whereas Australi a rates 36 on the same, which means that the Indians will demand a highly organised structure and differentiation in terms of power as compared to the Australian employees (, 2016). Therefore, dealing with cross cultural issues and trying to narrow down the cultural gaps that would exist between the two types of workforce in the foreign subsidiary would also be a great problem for the human resource management of the company. Training And Development another important issue that the company will face while its expansion in India is related to training and development of employees. The company will be sending expatriates to the new subsidiary and will also be hiring new staff from the host country itself, which makes it important that both types of employees are adequately trained and developed before they can start working on the foreign lands. The company will have to train and develop its Indian employees in such a way that the clients do not feel in the services being offered to them by the headquarters or the subsidiary. The company will also have to ensure that the Indian employees are aware about the work culture of the headquarters and communication style so that they can avoid communication barriers and can function properly (Dowling, Welch and Schuler, 1999). On the other hand, it is also important for the company to arrange for training and development programs for its home country employees (e xpatriates) that will be aimed at increasing their cultural awareness and sensitivity. Another issue that arises while planning the training and development program of the employees is that how and where they will be trained. The company can definitely not afford to call the Indian employees to its headquarters for training and development as it will be highly expensive and time consuming. Thus, the company will have to send a team of capable professionals to India before the commencement of work operations so that they can hold training and development sessions to train the Indian employees. The company will also have to hire professional helpers to help in training and developing their expatriates who will be travelling to India for looking after the work operations. Therefore, arranging for the training and development of the employees will also pose a great issue to the human resource managers of the company. Conclusion In the present era of globalization and international business, companies are trying their best to enter the international market and reap the benefits of having a global business. In such conditions, it is important that Premier Technology solutions tries its best to tap new market opportunities while the conditions are favourable. Due to expansion of business and a rise in the demand of the services of the company, it has become important to expand the business overseas and look after options that would help the management in serving their new clients and fulfilling the service demands. Planning a subsidiary in India is a great option as an Indian subsidiary will provide a lot of talented employees to handle the work operations and will also help in reducing the overall operating costs of the company. It would obviously be difficult for the management to carry out the human resource functions smoothly as the differences between the two countries are great in number and the cultural differences will add up to the problems. Thus, the company will require an efficient and effective human resource management department that will understand the requirements of the human resources and will execute the human resource functions according to the demands of a situation. References Bowman, P. Meacheam, D. (2000). Current Issues in the Expatriate Management Literature--A Checklist for Practitioners.Asia Pacific Journal Of Human Resources,38(2), 107-117. Dickmann, M., Brewster, C., Sparrow, P. (2008).International human resource management. London: Routledge. Difference between Global or IHRM and Domestic HRM - what is human resource ?. (2016) Retrieved 7 October 2016, from Domestic HRM vsInternational HRM | eduCBA. (2016).eduCBA. Retrieved 7 October 2016, from Dowling, P., Welch, D., Schuler, R. (1999).International human resource management. Cincinnati, OH: South-Western College Publ. Global Staffing Approaches: Ethnocentric, Regiocentric, Polycentric, and Geocentric - Video Lesson Transcript | (2016) Retrieved 7 October 2016, from Harvey, M. Buckley, M. (1998). Introduction: International issues in human resource management.Human Resource Management Review,8(1), 1-3. International HR Issues. (2016) Retrieved 7 October 2016, from International Journal of Human Resource Management. (1993).The International Journal Of Human Resource Management,4(1), 246-248. Issues and Challenges in IHRM. (2016).Scribd. Retrieved 7 October 2016, from Recruitment and selection Recruitment and selection business studies and business english | Business Case Studies. (2016) Retrieved 7 October 2016, from Selmer, J. Suutari, V. (2011). Expatriation old issues, new insights.Cross Cultural Management: An International Journal,18(2). Vance, C. Paik, Y. (2006).Managing a global workforce. Armonk, N.Y.: M.E. Sharpe. Yousef, F. (2015).The Challenges of International Human Resources Management. Retrieved 7 October 2016, from